Ubuntu / Remettre Windows en premier dans Grub

  • Invité
  • Auteur du sujet
  • Visiteur
  • Visiteur
il y a 12 ans 4 semaines - il y a 12 ans 4 semaines #22 par Invité
Régulièrement, les MAJ de Linux changent l'ordre de boot, pour mettre Linux en première position et Windows en dernière.

Je viens d'avoir au nouveau le cas avec le passage à la version 8.10 d'Ubuntu.

  • 1ère étape ouvrir le fichier menu.lst de Grub
  • Dans un terminal, je lance la commande :
    sudo nautilus

    je vais dans le répertoire suivant :

    /boot/grub

    Et j'ouvre le fichier menu.lst et l'ayant sauvegarder auparavant bien sûr.

    Voici un exemple de contenu de ce type de fichier :
    # menu.lst - See: grub(8), info grub, update-grub(8)
    #            grub-install(8), grub-floppy(8),
    #            grub-md5-crypt, /usr/share/doc/grub
    #            and /usr/share/doc/grub-doc/.
    
    ## default num
    # Set the default entry to the entry number NUM. Numbering starts from 0, and
    # the entry number 0 is the default if the command is not used.# This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for a non-linux OS
    #
    # You can specify 'saved' instead of a number. In this case, the default entry
    # is the entry saved with the command 'savedefault'.
    # WARNING: If you are using dmraid do not use 'savedefault' or your
    # array will desync and will not let you boot your system.
    default		0
    
    ## timeout sec
    # Set a timeout, in SEC seconds, before automatically booting the default entry
    # (normally the first entry defined).
    timeout		10
    
    ## hiddenmenu
    # Hides the menu by default (press ESC to see the menu)
    #hiddenmenu
    
    # Pretty colours
    #color cyan/blue white/blue
    
    ## password ['--md5'] passwd
    # If used in the first section of a menu file, disable all interactive editing
    # control (menu entry editor and command-line)  and entries protected by the
    # command 'lock'
    # e.g. password topsecret
    #      password --md5 $1$gLhU0/$aW78kHK1QfV3P2b2znUoe/
    # password topsecret
    
    #
    # examples
    #
    # title		Windows 95/98/NT/2000
    # root		(hd0,0)
    # makeactive
    # chainloader	+1
    #
    # title		Linux
    # root		(hd0,1)
    # kernel	/vmlinuz root=/dev/hda2 ro
    #
    
    #
    # Put static boot stanzas before and/or after AUTOMAGIC KERNEL LIST
    
    ### BEGIN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST
    ## lines between the AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST markers will be modified
    ## by the debian update-grub script except for the default options below
    
    ## DO NOT UNCOMMENT THEM, Just edit them to your needs
    
    ## ## Start Default Options ##
    ## default kernel options
    ## default kernel options for automagic boot options
    ## If you want special options for specific kernels use kopt_x_y_z
    ## where x.y.z is kernel version. Minor versions can be omitted.
    ## e.g. kopt=root=/dev/hda1 ro
    ##      kopt_2_6_8=root=/dev/hdc1 ro
    ##      kopt_2_6_8_2_686=root=/dev/hdc2 ro
    # kopt=root=UUID=696813b3-d592-4f8f-91b1-ddef9cc7c38f ro
    
    ## default grub root device
    ## e.g. groot=(hd0,0)
    # groot=(hd0,4)
    
    ## should update-grub create alternative automagic boot options
    ## e.g. alternative=true
    ##      alternative=false
    # alternative=true
    
    ## should update-grub lock alternative automagic boot options
    ## e.g. lockalternative=true
    ##      lockalternative=false
    # lockalternative=false
    
    ## additional options to use with the default boot option, but not with the
    ## alternatives
    ## e.g. defoptions=vga=791 resume=/dev/hda5
    # defoptions=quiet splash
    
    ## should update-grub lock old automagic boot options
    ## e.g. lockold=false
    ##      lockold=true
    # lockold=false
    
    ## Xen hypervisor options to use with the default Xen boot option
    # xenhopt=
    
    ## Xen Linux kernel options to use with the default Xen boot option
    # xenkopt=console=tty0
    
    ## altoption boot targets option
    ## multiple altoptions lines are allowed
    ## e.g. altoptions=(extra menu suffix) extra boot options
    ##      altoptions=(recovery) single
    # altoptions=(recovery mode) single
    
    ## controls how many kernels should be put into the menu.lst
    ## only counts the first occurence of a kernel, not the
    ## alternative kernel options
    ## e.g. howmany=all
    ##      howmany=7
    # howmany=all
    
    ## should update-grub create memtest86 boot option
    ## e.g. memtest86=true
    ##      memtest86=false
    # memtest86=true
    
    ## should update-grub adjust the value of the default booted system
    ## can be true or false
    # updatedefaultentry=false
    
    ## should update-grub add savedefault to the default options
    ## can be true or false
    # savedefault=false
    
    ## ## End Default Options ##
    
    title		Ubuntu 8.10, kernel 2.6.27-7-generic
    root		(hd0,4)
    kernel		/boot/vmlinuz-2.6.27-7-generic root=UUID=696813b3-d592-4f8f-91b1-ddef9cc7c38f ro quiet splash 
    initrd		/boot/initrd.img-2.6.27-7-generic
    quiet
    
    title		Ubuntu 8.10, kernel 2.6.27-7-generic (recovery mode)
    root		(hd0,4)
    kernel		/boot/vmlinuz-2.6.27-7-generic root=UUID=696813b3-d592-4f8f-91b1-ddef9cc7c38f ro  single
    initrd		/boot/initrd.img-2.6.27-7-generic
    
    title		Ubuntu 8.10, kernel 2.6.24-19-generic
    root		(hd0,4)
    kernel		/boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-generic root=UUID=696813b3-d592-4f8f-91b1-ddef9cc7c38f ro quiet splash 
    initrd		/boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-19-generic
    quiet
    
    title		Ubuntu 8.10, kernel 2.6.24-19-generic (recovery mode)
    root		(hd0,4)
    kernel		/boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-generic root=UUID=696813b3-d592-4f8f-91b1-ddef9cc7c38f ro  single
    initrd		/boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-19-generic
    
    title		Ubuntu 8.10, memtest86+
    root		(hd0,4)
    kernel		/boot/memtest86+.bin
    quiet
    
    ### END DEBIAN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST
    
    # This is a divider, added to separate the menu items below from the Debian
    # ones.
    title		Other operating systems:
    root
    
    
    # This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for a non-linux OS
    # on /dev/sda1
    title		Windows Vista Recuperation du Systeme (loader)
    root		(hd0,0)
    savedefault
    makeactive
    chainloader	+1
    
    # This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for a non-linux OS
    # on /dev/sda1
    title		Windows Vista
    root		(hd0,1)
    savedefault
    makeactive
    chainloader	+1
    

    Le but de la manoeuvre est de déplacer la section concernant Windows pour le remettre en 1ère position :
    # This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for a non-linux OS
    # on /dev/sda1
    title		Windows Vista
    root		(hd0,1)
    savedefault
    makeactive
    chainloader	+1

    Et on obtient un fichier de ce type :
    # menu.lst - See: grub(8), info grub, update-grub(8)
    #            grub-install(8), grub-floppy(8),
    #            grub-md5-crypt, /usr/share/doc/grub
    #            and /usr/share/doc/grub-doc/.
    
    ## default num
    # Set the default entry to the entry number NUM. Numbering starts from 0, and
    # the entry number 0 is the default if the command is not used.# This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for a non-linux OS
    #
    # You can specify 'saved' instead of a number. In this case, the default entry
    # is the entry saved with the command 'savedefault'.
    # WARNING: If you are using dmraid do not use 'savedefault' or your
    # array will desync and will not let you boot your system.
    default		0
    
    ## timeout sec
    # Set a timeout, in SEC seconds, before automatically booting the default entry
    # (normally the first entry defined).
    timeout		10
    
    ## hiddenmenu
    # Hides the menu by default (press ESC to see the menu)
    #hiddenmenu
    
    # Pretty colours
    #color cyan/blue white/blue
    
    ## password ['--md5'] passwd
    # If used in the first section of a menu file, disable all interactive editing
    # control (menu entry editor and command-line)  and entries protected by the
    # command 'lock'
    # e.g. password topsecret
    #      password --md5 $1$gLhU0/$aW78kHK1QfV3P2b2znUoe/
    # password topsecret
    
    #
    # examples
    #
    # title		Windows 95/98/NT/2000
    # root		(hd0,0)
    # makeactive
    # chainloader	+1
    #
    # title		Linux
    # root		(hd0,1)
    # kernel	/vmlinuz root=/dev/hda2 ro
    #
    
    #
    # Put static boot stanzas before and/or after AUTOMAGIC KERNEL LIST
    
    ### BEGIN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST
    ## lines between the AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST markers will be modified
    ## by the debian update-grub script except for the default options below
    
    ## DO NOT UNCOMMENT THEM, Just edit them to your needs
    
    ## ## Start Default Options ##
    ## default kernel options
    ## default kernel options for automagic boot options
    ## If you want special options for specific kernels use kopt_x_y_z
    ## where x.y.z is kernel version. Minor versions can be omitted.
    ## e.g. kopt=root=/dev/hda1 ro
    ##      kopt_2_6_8=root=/dev/hdc1 ro
    ##      kopt_2_6_8_2_686=root=/dev/hdc2 ro
    # kopt=root=UUID=696813b3-d592-4f8f-91b1-ddef9cc7c38f ro
    
    ## default grub root device
    ## e.g. groot=(hd0,0)
    # groot=(hd0,4)
    
    ## should update-grub create alternative automagic boot options
    ## e.g. alternative=true
    ##      alternative=false
    # alternative=true
    
    ## should update-grub lock alternative automagic boot options
    ## e.g. lockalternative=true
    ##      lockalternative=false
    # lockalternative=false
    
    ## additional options to use with the default boot option, but not with the
    ## alternatives
    ## e.g. defoptions=vga=791 resume=/dev/hda5
    # defoptions=quiet splash
    
    ## should update-grub lock old automagic boot options
    ## e.g. lockold=false
    ##      lockold=true
    # lockold=false
    
    ## Xen hypervisor options to use with the default Xen boot option
    # xenhopt=
    
    ## Xen Linux kernel options to use with the default Xen boot option
    # xenkopt=console=tty0
    
    ## altoption boot targets option
    ## multiple altoptions lines are allowed
    ## e.g. altoptions=(extra menu suffix) extra boot options
    ##      altoptions=(recovery) single
    # altoptions=(recovery mode) single
    
    ## controls how many kernels should be put into the menu.lst
    ## only counts the first occurence of a kernel, not the
    ## alternative kernel options
    ## e.g. howmany=all
    ##      howmany=7
    # howmany=all
    
    ## should update-grub create memtest86 boot option
    ## e.g. memtest86=true
    ##      memtest86=false
    # memtest86=true
    
    ## should update-grub adjust the value of the default booted system
    ## can be true or false
    # updatedefaultentry=false
    
    ## should update-grub add savedefault to the default options
    ## can be true or false
    # savedefault=false
    
    ## ## End Default Options ##
    
    # This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for a non-linux OS
    # on /dev/sda1
    title		Windows Vista
    root		(hd0,1)
    savedefault
    makeactive
    chainloader	+1
    
    title		Ubuntu 8.10, kernel 2.6.27-7-generic
    root		(hd0,4)
    kernel		/boot/vmlinuz-2.6.27-7-generic root=UUID=696813b3-d592-4f8f-91b1-ddef9cc7c38f ro quiet splash 
    initrd		/boot/initrd.img-2.6.27-7-generic
    quiet
    
    title		Ubuntu 8.10, kernel 2.6.27-7-generic (recovery mode)
    root		(hd0,4)
    kernel		/boot/vmlinuz-2.6.27-7-generic root=UUID=696813b3-d592-4f8f-91b1-ddef9cc7c38f ro  single
    initrd		/boot/initrd.img-2.6.27-7-generic
    
    title		Ubuntu 8.10, kernel 2.6.24-19-generic
    root		(hd0,4)
    kernel		/boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-generic root=UUID=696813b3-d592-4f8f-91b1-ddef9cc7c38f ro quiet splash 
    initrd		/boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-19-generic
    quiet
    
    title		Ubuntu 8.10, kernel 2.6.24-19-generic (recovery mode)
    root		(hd0,4)
    kernel		/boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-generic root=UUID=696813b3-d592-4f8f-91b1-ddef9cc7c38f ro  single
    initrd		/boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-19-generic
    
    title		Ubuntu 8.10, memtest86+
    root		(hd0,4)
    kernel		/boot/memtest86+.bin
    quiet
    
    ### END DEBIAN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST
    
    # This is a divider, added to separate the menu items below from the Debian
    # ones.
    title		Other operating systems:
    root
    
    
    # This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for a non-linux OS
    # on /dev/sda1
    title		Windows Vista Recuperation du Systeme (loader)
    root		(hd0,0)
    savedefault
    makeactive
    chainloader	+1

    Dans l'éditeur de texte, sauvegardez les modifications et au prochain reboot, vous devez retrouver l'ordre souhaité. :)

    En cas de soucis, vous pouvez reprendre votre fichier sauvegardé.
    Dernière édition: il y a 12 ans 4 semaines par admin.

    Connexion ou Créer un compte pour participer à la conversation.

    Temps de génération de la page : 0.373 secondes
    Propulsé par Kunena